AllvertaGlobal – Various types of meat, whether beef, poultry, or seafood, contain animal protein needed by the body. Basically, protein is useful in increasing muscle mass and repairing damaged body tissues.
Meat as a protein food is often processed into various dishes. Even so, you should pay attention to the level of doneness of the meat before consuming it. Instead of getting the benefits, consumption of raw or undercooked meat can actually harm health.
The Dangers of Consuming Raw Meat
There are several dangers of consuming raw meat that you should be aware of, namely:
1. Escherichia coli infection
Raw or undercooked meat can contain various types of bacteria, one of which is Escherichia coli bacteria. When meat containing these bacteria is consumed, a person can be at risk of developing an E. coli infection.
A person infected with this bacterium generally experiences symptoms in the form of diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, or bloody stools.
Salmonellosis or Salmonella infection is a disease of the digestive system caused by Salmonella bacteria. In addition to raw meat, these bacteria can also be found in raw eggs or unpasteurized milk.
A person infected with salmonellosis will show symptoms similar to an E. coli infection. These symptoms usually appear between 6 hours to 6 days after infection with Salmonella.
3. Tapeworm infection
Another danger that lurks when you eat raw meat is tapeworm infection or taeniasis. Tapeworms are usually found in raw or undercooked beef or pork.
Tapeworm infections often cause various symptoms, ranging from nausea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, decreased appetite, to weight loss.
In addition to the bacteria mentioned above, there are other bacteria that can also be found in raw meat, such as Shigella bacteria and Clostridium perfringens.
Tips for Processing Safe Meat
In order to avoid the dangers that lurk due to consuming raw meat, there are several ways to process meat that are safe, namely:
- Do not wash raw meat before processing, because it can spread germs to other cooking utensils or kitchen utensils.
- Cook the meat until done to kill germs. The level of cooked meat that is safe for consumption is at a temperature of 70–75 °C.
- Store raw meat at -18°C to avoid germ growth.
- Pay attention to how to store raw meat properly. Cover raw meat with plastic food wrap or place it in a closed container to avoid contamination with germs.
- Separate cutting boards and knives for processing raw meat from other foodstuffs, such as fruit and vegetables, to avoid contamination with germs from raw meat.
- Those are some tips to avoid the dangers of consuming raw meat. To get the benefits contained in meat, make sure you eat meat that is cooked and apply safe meat processing tips.
If you want to know more about the dangers of consuming raw meat or have already eaten raw meat and show the symptoms above, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.
Bantawa, et al. (2018). Food-borne Bacterial Pathogens in Marketed Raw Meat of Dharan, Eastern Nepal. BMC Research, 11(1), pp. 618.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022). E. coli and Food Safety.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022). Foods That Can Cause Food Poisoning.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2021). Salmonella and Food.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). Taeniasis FAQs.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (2022). Safe Minimum Internal Temperatures.
Mayo Clinic (2022). Diseases & Conditions. Salmonella Infection.
Mayo Clinic (2022). Diseases & Conditions. Trichinosis.
Kubala, J. Healthline (2022). Essential Amino Acids: Definition, Benefits, and Food Sources.
Splitter, J. Healthline (2020). Can I Still Eat It: How to Safely Store Meat.