AllvertaGlobal – Acne can occur anywhere, be it on the face or on the body. Especially pimples that appear on the face, this can interfere with appearance.
Acne forms when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This condition can be experienced by people of all ages, especially during adolescence. Acne must be treated properly so as not to cause complications, such as acne scars or black spots on the skin.
Acne can be treated in a number of ways, from using acne medications to therapy, such as laser therapy and corticosteroid injections. The choice of acne medication also needs to be adjusted to the type of acne that appears, so that the results are optimal.
Various Choices of Acne Medication
There are quite a variety of care products for acne-prone skin on the market, such as facial cleansers, acne medications in the form of gels or creams, to serums.
These various acne medication products may contain different active ingredients. However, generally acne medications work by killing bacteria that cause inflammation or reducing excess oil production that can trigger acne.
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The following are some of the ingredients in acne medications and the complaints they can handle:
- Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid is an active ingredient that is widely used in acne medications. This active ingredient works by removing dead skin cells that cause clogged pores.
Acne medication with salicylic acid is usually used to treat mild acne, such as blackheads, and prevent acne from coming back.
The permissible concentration of salicylic acid in over-the-counter acne medications is 0.5%–5%. For some people, the use of salicylic acid may cause dry skin, a burning sensation, or irritation.
- Benzoyl peroxide
Acne medication with benzoyl peroxide is known to be effective against mild to moderate acne. This active ingredient is widely used in acne medication products, facial cleansers, or toners.
Benzoyl peroxide has antibacterial properties so it can reduce acne-causing bacteria. In addition, benzoyl peroxide is also able to prevent clogging of pores and dry out acne.
To lighten moderate to severe acne, you can use acne medications that contain retinoids. Retinoids can remove dead skin cells that clog pores, and reduce the risk of acne scars forming.
However, the use of retinoids can cause side effects in some people, such as dry skin, irritation, peeling, sensitivity to sunlight, redness, and swelling.
In addition to the three ingredients above, alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) and sulfur as well as the antibacterial content of triclosan and isopropyl methylphenol, can also be used to treat acne.
However, keep in mind that the effectiveness of acne medications in treating skin problems can vary from person to person. The severity of acne, skin type, and other skin care products used also determine the effectiveness of acne medications.
In addition, the treatment of acne using acne medication is not instant and requires patience. It takes about 2-3 months for the acne to disappear and the skin condition improves.
How to treat acne-prone skin
In addition to using acne medication, there are several things you can do to treat acne-prone skin, namely:
- Clean your face twice a day with a gentle face wash that contains active ingredients to treat acne, such as salicylic acid, triclosan, and isopropyl methylphenol.
- Do not rub the skin excessively when cleaning the face because it can make acne worse.
- Choose a moisturizer that is water based, not oil.
- Avoid using cosmetics, sunscreen, and hair care products that are oil-based.
- Do not squeeze the pimple because it can cause infection and cause scars.
- Make sure your hands are clean before touching your face.
- Avoid eating foods with a high glycemic index.
Using acne medication and doing proper skin care can improve the condition of acne prone skin. Make sure you choose an acne medication that contains the active ingredients above and has a distribution permit from BPOM so that its safety is guaranteed.
In addition, try to always apply a sunscreen that is specifically for acne-prone skin if you want to go outside during the day, and use a moisturizer to minimize side effects that may arise from using acne medications, such as dry skin or redness.
If your acne doesn’t go away after using acne medication for 2-3 months, you should consult a doctor to get the appropriate treatment.